This page contains links to food-related databases and information sources of major international agencies. It will be updated and added to on an ongoing basis.
As part of that process, visitors are invited to submit details of other links of a similar character that might be considered for inclusion, to the IUFoST Secretariat.
The EFSA Comprehensive European Consumption Database
The Comprehensive Food Consumption Database is a source of information on food consumption across the European Union (EU). It contains detailed data for a number of EU countires. The database plays a key role in the evaluation of the risks related to possible hazards in food in the EU and alllows estimates of consumers' exposure to such hazards, a fundamental step in EFSA's risk assessment work, such as the assessment of nutrient intakes of the EU population.
EFSA used its food classification system 'FoodEx' to categorize all foods and beverages included in the Comprehensive Database.
Summary statistics from the database enable quick screening from chronic and acute exposure of substances that may be found in the food chain. In the database, dietary surveys and food consumption data for each country are divided by category. These include: age, from infants to adults aged 75 or older; food group (nearly 160) and type of consumption, covering both regular and high consumption thus allowing calculations to be tailored to each category of consumer. The statistics on food consumption are reported in grams per day, as wll as grams per day per kg of body weight.
February 2004 - FAO and IUFoST join forces to establish a global database of food science and technology research projects addressing worldwide food needs. Researchers involved in food science and technology research projects relevant to worldwide food needs especially those of developing countries are invited to contribute brief key details of their projects to a new searchable database developed and operated jointly by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the International Union of Food Science & Technology (IUFoST).
International HACCP Alliance food safety-related database - A joint project of the International HACCP Alliance and the Meat Science Section within the Department of Animal Science at Texas A&M University. The goal of the database is to serve as a way to obtain scientific documentation in support of HACCP plan decisions.
Full general information is at sciencedata.tamu.edu/search.html
Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) - The Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank (FARAD) is a computer-based decision support system designed to provide livestock producers, Extension specialists, and veterinarians with practical information on how to avoid drug, pesticide and environmental contaminant residue problems.
Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) www.fao.org
FAO Databases - FAOSTAT
FAOSTAT - The FAO Statistical Database is an on-line multilingual database currently containing over 1 million time-series records from over 210 countries and territories covering statistics on agriculture, nutrition, fisheries, forestry, food aid, land use and population. apps.fao.org
AQUASTAT - AQUASTAT is FAO's global information system of water and agriculture developed by the Land and Water Development Division of FAO. AQUASTAT provides users with comprehensive statistics on the state of agricultural water management across the world, with emphasis on developing countries and countries in transition. www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/main
FAOSTAT - Agriculture Provides statistics on crops, livestock, irrigation, land use, fertilizer, pesticide consumption, and agricultural machinery. apps.fao.org/page/collections?subset=agriculture
FAOSTAT - Nutrition Provides statistics on commodities, food supply, food balance sheets, food aid, population, and the Codex Alimentarius. apps.fao.org/page/collections?subset=nutrition
FAOSTAT - Fisheries Provides statistics on fish production and primary products. apps.fao.org/page/collections?subset=fisheries
FAOSTAT - Food Quality Provides information from the CODEX ALIMENTARIUS: Pesticide Residues in Food, and CODEX ALIMENTARIUS: Veterinary Drug Residues in Food. apps.fao.org/page/collections?subset=FoodQuality
FISHERS - This database contains the number of people engaged in fishing according to the working time devoted to the occupation, as national annual averages, from 1961 onwards. Starting with data for 1990, the database includes employment in aquaculture and separates inland and marine fisheries, on a gender disaggregated basis. www.fao.org/fi/statist/fisoft/fishers.asp
FISHSTAT - The system provides users with access to Fishery Statistics of various sorts. Any data having time series structure can potentially be stored and processed by Fishstat Plus. The system consists of the main module and the datasets. Each dataset can be installed and uninstalled separately. See the list of available datasets below. www.fao.org/fi/statist/fisoft/fishplus.asp
FORIS - FORIS contains statistics on forest and forestry issues on a country by country basis including forest cover, plantations, volume and biomass, fires, and imports and exports of woods and paper. www.fao.org/forestry/foris/webview/forestry2/index.jsp?siteId=1141&langId=1
INPhO - In the future Food Security has to have two legs: production and post-production. Both are of equal importance as only a well managed post-production system allows the consumer to have access to the food produced.
In this context and to assist in preventing the loss of millions of tonnes of cereals, roots, tubers, fruits and vegetables in developing countries caused by inadequate handling and storage, pest damage, and transport and marketing problems the Information Network on Post-Harvest Operations (INPhO) started to operate almost 2 years ago .
INPhO is led by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in partnership with GTZ and CIRAD. Furthermore the project is supported by many international and national institutions dealing with post-harvest operations. www.fao.org/inpho
PAAT Information System - The PAAT secretariat combines the forces of FAO, WHO, IAEA, and OAU/IBAR to promote integrated trypanosomiasis control through coordinated international action. The ultimate goal is to improve food security and sustainable agricultural and rural development. www.fao.org/PAAT/html/home.htm
TERRASTAT - Land resource potential and constraints statistics at country and regional level. Statistics are based on various small scale maps and inventories that were not always up to date, reliable or both. www.fao.org/ag/agl/agll/terrastat
FAO David Lubin Memorial Library - Vast collection of on-line links collected under alphabetical subject headings. In English, French and Spanish languages. www.fao.org/library/_info_services/IndexEN.htm
FAOLEX - FAOLEX is a comprehensive and up-to-date computerized legislative database, one of the world's largest electronic collection of national laws and regulations on food, agriculture and renewable natural resources.??Users of FAOLEX have direct access to the abstracts and indexing information about each text, as well as to the full text of most legislation contained in the database. http://faolex.fao.org/faolex/index.htm
World Health Organisation (WHO)
The WHO/FAO Acrylamide in Food Network - The WHO/FAO Acrylamide in Food Network was established as a result of the June 2002 FAO/WHO Consultation on the health Risks of Acrylamide in Food. The consultation recommended that an international network on acrylamide in food should be established inviting all interested parties to share relevant data as well as ongoing investigations.
This network functions as a global resource and inventory of ongoing research on acrylamide in food. It includes formal research, surveillance/monitoring and industry investigations, etc. Any interested party may submit information, and it is hoped that government agencies, research institutions, industry and others will share information via the network.
It currently comprises:
An interactive database of researchers/data providers
Information update about the current status of research efforts; and WHO/FAO updates on information relevant to the health risk of acrylamide in food The network also serves as a discussion forum for active researchers and others in the field. It aims to identify gaps and overlaps in available research/information, and make suggestions for how these could be addressed. Information on these aspects will be posted on this network website. www.acrylamide-food.org
WHO Information Sources www.who.int/home/info.html
WHO Virtual Reference Desk - The Virtual Reference Desk provides links to electronic resources in an attempt to assist WHO staff and others, in quickly locating information to assist them in their daily work functions. Whenever possible, sources of an international scope are included, as well as multi-language links. www.who.int/hlt/virtuallibrary/English/virtuallib.htm
WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS) - Health and health-related statistical information from the WHO Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy. www.who.int/whosis
Codex Alimentarius - Links to all Codex information sources in English, French and Spanish languages. www.fao.org/waicent/faoinfo/economic/esn/codex
GFSA Food Additives Database - This is a WHO/FAO Codex Alimentarius searchable web-based version of the Codex General Standard for Food Additives (GSFA). The GSFA Online helps regulatory authorities, consumers and the food industry get the latest up-to-date information on Codex food additives provisions. The Codex General Standard for Food Additives (CAC/STAN 192-1995) sets forth the conditions under which food additives may be used in different food products www.codexalimentarius.net/gsfaonline/additives/search.html
The EU Acrylamide Research Database - The EU Acrylamide Research database, to summarise the acrylamide research activities within the EU, has been prepared by the Commission in close collaboration with the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). The Commission's Joint Research Centre is co-ordinating work on analytical methods and is collecting data on the levels detected in different foods. For long-term research needs, the Commission has included the topic in its 6th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. www.ifst.org/acreu2_3.xls
EU Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) and Databases - This is a comprehensive gateway to information services and databases, in English, French, German, Spanish and Italian, relating to European Union-funded research programmes. www.cordis.lu/en/home.html
The EU "Informall" Food Allergens Database http://foodallergens.ifr.ac.uk
United Nations University www.unu.edu/hq/rector_office/unu-system.htm
International Standards Organisation (ISO) www.iso.ch
International Standards Organisation (ISO), World Trade Organisation (WTO) and World Trade www.iso.ch/wtotbt/wtotbt.htm
World Trade Organisation - In English, French and Spanish languages.www.wto.org
World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade www.wto.org/wto/legal/finalact.htm
World Trade Organisation (WTO) SPS Information Management System
The World Trade Organization (WTO) has created the SPS Information Management System (SPS IMS), a database for searching for information on WTO member governments' sanitary and phytosanitary measures which includes food safety and animal and plant health and safety. spsims.wto.org/
USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Nutrient Data Laboratory Home Page This page provides access to Release 12 of the USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. One can either view the data here or download the data files and documentation in several different formats for use later on a computer. A search tool is also provided so one can look up the nutrient content of over 6,000 different foods directly from this home page.
Beginning in April 2003, the USDA has made its nutrient database available for downloading to a personal computer for no charge. It is accessible from the main USDA Nutrient Website. Under "Search the Nutrient Database" click on "Download Software" (Note: it is a very large file, approximately 30Mb, taking around several minutes to download by broadband or up to 2 hours by normal modem). Downloading the search software program enables access to the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference (SR), Release 15 without being connected to the Internet. www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Biotech Database - A prototype database for products derived using Modern Biotechnology, developed to allow regulatory officials in the OECD Member Countries to share information regarding certain products or regulated articles that have been approved for commercialization, have obtained certain approvals that would allow commercialization of products, or are in the process of being approved for commercialization. It was developed at the request of the Expert Group on Harmonization of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology and is in an early state of development. The database, which is searchable, contains brief information about each product and the approval process. Database entries are listed by organism (bacteria to oilseed rape) or by developing company. webdomino1.oecd.org/ehs/bioprod.nsf
Gene Files A database with information about a number of genes that are frequently used in developing genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
The primary purpose of these so called Gene Files is to assist Government officials and experts involved in handling notifications or requests for permits for contained use, deliberate release or marketing of GMOs. In addition, the Gene Files aim to provide information to other interested groups in this field, such as Academia, the private sector, interest groups and the general public.
The database contains information on the identity and function of the genes as well as information on environmental risk assessments that have been carried out earlier in relation to those genes.
The Gene Files are developed as part of the 3-year project "Implementation of national biosafety frameworks in pre-accession countries of Central and Eastern Europe" which is initiated by the Dutch Government (see for further information www.biosafety-CEE.org, under "MATRA project").
The Gene Files are developed in collaboration with the Dutch institute Plant Research Wageningen and the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The development of these Gene Files is guided by a steering committee consisting of representatives of the Dutch Ministry of the Environment, the Dutch Genetically Modified Organisms Bureau of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the Dutch Committee on Genetic Modification, the Slovak Ministry of the Environment and the Slovak Academy of Sciences.
These Gene Files are still in an early stage of development and this pilot of the Gene Files is made available through the Internet for the sole purpose of soliciting comments and suggestions. Comments and/or suggestions can be emailed to PietvanderMeer@cs.com.
The information used for developing this pilot of the Gene Files is obtained from existing databases such as EMBL, SWISS-PROT and MEDLINE and from decision documents and opinions which Governments and Scientific Committees have made publicly available in English on the Internet. These documents were obtained through the ICGEB Risk Assessment Search Mechanism (RASM). In first instance only a limited number of document sources were used. It is the aim to extend the documents sources in subsequent phases of the Gene Files.
This pilot phase of the Gene Files is initiated as a short-term project which started on April 1 2002 and ended on October 1 2002. That 6 month project was carried out by Imke Haenen of the Netherlands Ministry of the Environment and Lubos Klucar of the Slovak Academy of Sciences. The aim of this pilot phase is to assess whether it is feasible to develop and maintain Internet based Gene Files and whether the type of information provided in the Gene files is useful for potential users. For this purpose, the pilot of the Gene Files will be submitted for review by a number of relevant organisations and bodies. The official comments of these organisations and bodies will be made available on this website. www.genefiles.org
Protein Sequence Database (SWISS-PROT) - A database of protein sequences produced collaboratively by Amos Bairoch (University of Geneva) and the EMBL Data Library. The data in Swiss-Prot are derived from translations of DNA sequences from the EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database, adapted from the Protein Identification Resource (PIR) collection, extracted from the literature and directly submitted by researchers. It contains high-quality annotation,is non-redundant, and cross-referenced to several other databases, notably the EMBL nucleotide sequence database, PROSITE pattern database and PDB. SWISS-PROT is a curated protein sequence database which strives to provide a high level of annotation (such as the description of the function of a protein, its domain structure, post-translational modifications, variants, etc), a minimal level of redundancy and a high level of integration with other databases. Recent developments of the database include: an increase in the number and scope of model organisms; cross-references to seven additional databases; a variety of new documentation files; the creation of TREMBL, an unannotated supplement to SWISS-PROT.
This supplement consists of entries in SWISS-PROT-like format derived from the translation of all coding sequences (CDS) in the EMBL nucleotide sequence database, except CDS already included in SWISS-PROT. us.expasy.org/sprot/sprot-top.html
Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) - A bioinformatics resource for understanding higher order functional meanings and utilities of the cell or the organism from its genome information. The KEGG project is undertaken in the Bioinformatics Center, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University with supports from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), and the Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST). www.genome.ad.jp/kegg
Protein Data Bank (PDB) - An archive of experimentally determined three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules, serving a global community of researchers, educators, and students. The archives contain atomic coordinates, bibliographic citations, primary and secondary structure information, as well as crystallographic structure factors and NMR experimental data. The PDB Newsletter and CD ROM are published quarterly.
The PDB is supported by a combination of Federal Government Agency funds and user fees. Support is provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation, the U.S. Public Health Service, National Institutes of Health, National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of General Medical Sciences, National Library of Medicine, and the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CH00016 and user fees. www.rcsb.org/pdb
Physical Properties of Food Database - A free access database of bibliographic references and experimental data on the physical properties of foods over a wide range of conditions and processes.
It is the result of an EU Commission funded project (EU Project ERB FAIR CT96-1063) and the database is further sponsored by Nestle, RHM Technology and Unilever.
It provides means to