IUFoST recognizes that wherever food insecurity exists because of poor understanding about the conditions under which agricultural produce has to be handled, processed and distributed after harvesting, food science and technology knowledge can play a decisive role in improving the situation. To turn the potential of the Food Science Community into practical measures, IUFoST’s Food Security Expert Panel is developing a strategy to expand and broaden the food science and technology knowledge base in neglected areas.
Expert Panel and Working Groups: Food Security
One of the first activities of the International Expert Panel on Food Security included organizing the Sustainability and Food Security sessions at the 2014 IUFoST World Food Congress. The Panel is focused on a unifying concept formulated by Keating et al that brings together agronomy, food science, nutrition and food safety/biosecurity and helps to quantify their relevance to global food sustainability and security. The conceptual model describes how different pathways and potential technology solutions could offset the likely future demand for food, based on their previous model. Expressed in a manner similar to that used for global carbon demand, it uses wedges to convey the likely contribution or stabilisation of future demand through different technological approaches. In brief, the Food Security Wedge concept includes three main types of stabilisation: a) reducing the demand trajectory; b) filling the production shortfall; and c) avoiding losses from the current production levels. Given the tremendous challenge that they represent, it is likely that all three of these main wedges or stabilisations will be required, as will a new level of international collaboration across the food chain to ensure its efficacy.
Working Groups on Aflatoxin Management and Food Waste work in conjunction with the Expert Panel.